State (polity) | references

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Cudworth et al., 2007: p. 1
  2. ^ a b Barrow, 1993: pp. 9–10
  3. ^ a b Cudworth et al., 2007: p. 95
  4. ^ a b Salmon, 2008: p. 54 Archived 15 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b Marek, Krystyna (1954). Identity and Continuity of States in Public International Law. Library Droz. p. 178. ISBN 978-2-600-04044-0. It has been thought necessary to quote the Lytton Report at such length since it is probably the fullest and most exhaustive description of an allegedly independent, by 'actually' dependent, i.e. Puppet State
  6. ^ Skinner, 1989:[page needed]
  7. ^ Bobbio, 1989: pp.57–58 Archived 30 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ C. D. Erhard, Betrachtungen über Leopolds des Weisen Gesetzgebung in Toscana, Richter, 1791, p. 30 Archived 19 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Recognized as apocryphal in the early 19th century. Jean Etienne François Marignié, The king can do no wrong: Le roi ne peut jamais avoit tort, le roi ne peut mal faire, Le Normant, 1818 p. 12 Archived 19 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Barrow, 1993: pp. 10–11
  10. ^ Painter, Joe; Jeffrey, Alex (2009). Political Geography (2nd ed.). London: Sagr Publications Ltd. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-4129-0138-3.
  11. ^ Dubreuil, Benoít (2010). Human Evolution and the Origins of Hierarchies: The State of Nature. Cambridge University Press. p. 189. ISBN Archived from the original on 4 May 2016.
  12. ^ Gordon, Scott (2002). Controlling the State: Constitutionalism from Ancient Athens to Today. Harvard University Press. p. 4. ISBN Archived from the original on 3 May 2016.
  13. ^ Hay, Colin (2001). Routledge Encyclopedia of International Political Economy. New York: Routledge. pp. 1469–1474. ISBN Archived from the original on 3 May 2016.
  14. ^ Donovan, John C. (1993). People, power, and politics: an introduction to political science. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 20. ISBN Archived from the original on 8 May 2016.
  15. ^ Shaw, Martin (2003). War and genocide: organized killing in modern society. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 59. ISBN Archived from the original on 3 June 2016.
  16. ^ Earle, Timothy (1997). "State, State Systems". In Barfield, Thomas (ed.). The Dictionary of Anthropology. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 445. ISBN Archived from the original on 3 May 2016.
  17. ^ Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention.
  18. ^ Article 2 of the Montevideo Convention.
  19. ^ a b Thompson, Della, ed. (1995). "state". Concise Oxford English Dictionary (9th ed.). Oxford University Press. 3 (also State) a an organized political community under one government; a commonwealth; a nation. b such a community forming part of a federal republic, esp the United States of America
  20. ^ Robinson, E. H. 2013. The Distinction Between State and Government Archived 2 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine. The Geography Compass 7(8): pp. 556–566.
  21. ^ Crawford, J. (2007) The Creation of States in International Law. Oxford University Press.
  22. ^ The Australian National Dictionary: Fourth Edition, p. 1395. (2004) Canberra. ISBN 0-19-551771-7.
  23. ^ Compare mission civilisatrice, Japanese colonial empire.
  24. ^ For example: Pastor, Jack (1997). "3: The Early Hellenistic Period". Land and Economy in Ancient Palestine. London: Routledge (published 2013). p. 32. ISBN Archived from the original on 19 December 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2017. The idea of Jerusalem as a temple state is an analogy to the temple states of Asia Minor and the Seleucid Empire, but it is an inappropriate analogy. [...] Rostovtzeff referred to Judea as a sort of temple state, notwithstanding his own definition that stipulates ownership of territory and state organization. [...] Hengel also claims that Judea was a temple state, ignoring his own evidence that the Ptolemies hardly would have tolerated such a situation.
  25. ^ Athens, Carthage, Rome, Novgorod, Pskov, Hamburg, Bremen, Frankfurt, Lübeck, Florence, Pisa, Genoa, Venice, Danzig, Fiume, Dubrovnik.
  26. ^ Vatican City, Monaco, Singapore.
  27. ^ Bealey, Frank, ed. (1999). "government". The Blackwell dictionary of political science: a user's guide to its terms. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 147. ISBN Archived from the original on 16 May 2016.
  28. ^ Sartwell, 2008: p. 25 Archived 23 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ a b c Flint & Taylor, 2007: p. 137
  30. ^ Robinson, E.H. 2013. The Distinction Between State and Government. Archived 2 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine The Geography Compass 7(8): pp. 556–566.
  31. ^ Zaleski, Pawel (2008). "Tocqueville on Civilian Society. A Romantic Vision of the Dichotomic Structure of Social Reality". Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte. Felix Meiner Verlag. 50.
  32. ^ Ehrenberg, John (1999). "Civil Society and the State". Civil society: the critical history of an idea. NYU Press. ISBN Archived from the original on 4 May 2016.
  33. ^ Kaviraj, Sudipta (2001). "In search of civil society". In Kaviraj, Sudipta; Khilnani, Sunil (eds.). Civil society: history and possibilities. Cambridge University Press. pp. 291–293. ISBN Archived from the original on 1 May 2016.
  34. ^ Reeve, Andrew (2001). "Civil society". In Jones, R.J. Barry (ed.). Routledge Encyclopedia of International Political Economy: Entries P–Z. Taylor & Francis. pp. 158–160. ISBN Archived from the original on 23 June 2016.
  35. ^ Sassoon, Anne Showstack (2000). Gramsci and contemporary politics: beyond pessimism of the intellect. Psychology Press. p. 70. ISBN Archived from the original on 3 May 2016.
  36. ^ Augelli, Enrico & Murphy, Craig N. (1993). "Gramsci and international relations: a general perspective with examples from recent US policy towards the Third World". In Gill, Stephen (ed.). Gramsci, historical materialism and international relations. Cambridge University Press. p. 129. ISBN Archived from the original on 2 May 2016.
  37. ^ Ferretter, Luke (2006). Louis Althusser. Taylor & Francis. p. 85. ISBN Archived from the original on 29 April 2016.
  38. ^ Flecha, Ramon (2009). "The Educative City and Critical Education". In Apple, Michael W.; et al. (eds.). The Routledge international handbook of critical education. Taylor & Francis. p. 330. ISBN Archived from the original on 2 May 2016.
  39. ^ Malešević, 2002: p. 16 Archived 23 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  40. ^ Morrow, Raymond Allen & Torres, Carlos Alberto (2002). Reading Freire and Habermas: critical pedagogy and transformative social change. Teacher's College Press. p. 77. ISBN Archived from the original on 10 June 2016.
  41. ^ Kjaer, Anne Mette (2004). Governance. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. --[page needed]
  42. ^ Newman, Saul (2010). The Politics of Postanarchism. Edinburgh University Press. p. 109. ISBN Archived from the original on 29 July 2016.
  43. ^ Roussopoulos, Dimitrios I. (1973). The political economy of the state: Québec, Canada, U.S.A. Black Rose Books. p. 8. ISBN Archived from the original on 13 May 2016.
  44. ^ Christoyannopoulos, Alexandre (2010). Christian Anarchism: A Political Commentary on the Gospel. Exeter: Imprint Academic. pp. 123–126. Revelation
  45. ^ Archived from the original on 2 November 2015. The first beast comes up from the sea...It is given 'all authority and power over every tribe, every people, every tongue, and every nation' (13:7). All who dwell on earth worship it. Political power could hardly, I think, be more expressly described, for it is this power which has authority, which controls military force, and which compels adoration (i.e., absolute obedience).
  46. ^ Frederick Engels – Socialism: Utopian and Scientific. 1880 Archived 6 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine Full Text. From Historical Materialism: "State interference in social relations becomes, in one domain after another, superfluous, and then dies out of itself; the government of persons is replaced by the administration of things, and by the conduct of processes of production. The State is not "abolished". It dies out...Socialized production upon a predetermined plan becomes henceforth possible. The development of production makes the existence of different classes of society thenceforth an anachronism. In proportion as anarchy in social production vanishes, the political authority of the State dies out. Man, at last the master of his own form of social organization, becomes at the same time the lord over Nature, his own master — free."
  47. ^ a b Flint & Taylor, 2007: p. 139
  48. ^ Joseph, 2004: p. 15 Archived 6 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  49. ^ Barrow, 1993: p. 4
  50. ^ Smith, Mark J. (2000). Rethinking state theory. Psychology Press. p. 176. ISBN Archived from the original on 3 May 2016.
  51. ^ Miliband, Ralph. 1983. Class power and state power. London: Verso.
  52. ^ Joseph, 2004: p. 44 Archived 29 July 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  53. ^ Vincent, 1992: pp. 47–48 Archived 30 April 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  54. ^ Dahl, Robert (1973). Modern Political Analysis. Prentice Hall. p. [page needed]. ISBN 0-13-596981-6.
  55. ^ Cunningham, Frank (2002). Theories of democracy: a critical introduction. Psychology Press. pp. 86–87. ISBN Archived from the original on 12 May 2016.
  56. ^ Zweigenhaft, Richard L. & Domhoff, G. William (2006). Diversity in the power elite: how it happened, why it matters (2nd ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. p. 4. ISBN Archived from the original on 30 April 2016.
  57. ^ Duncan, Graeme Campbell (1989). Democracy and the capitalist state. Cambridge University Press. p. 137. ISBN Archived from the original on 25 April 2016.
  58. ^ Edgar, Andrew (2005). The philosophy of Habermas. McGill-Queen's Press. pp. 5–6, 44. ISBN 978-0-7735-2783-6.
  59. ^ Cook, Deborah (2004). Adorno, Habermas, and the search for a rational society. Psychology Press. p. 20. ISBN Archived from the original on 25 April 2016.
  60. ^ Melossi, Dario (2006). "Michel Foucault and the Obsolescent State". In Beaulieu, Alain; Gabbard, David (eds.). Michel Foucault and power today: international multidisciplinary studies in the history of the present. Lexington Books. p. 6. ISBN Archived from the original on 16 May 2016.
  61. ^ Gordon, Colin (1991). "Government rationality: an introduction". In Foucault, Michel; et al. (eds.). The Foucault effect: studies in governmentality. University of Chicago Press. p. 4. ISBN Archived from the original on 3 May 2016.
  62. ^ Mitchell, Timothy (2006). "Society, Economy, and the State Effect". In Sharma, Aradhana; Gupta, Akhil (eds.). The anthropology of the state: a reader. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 179. ISBN Archived from the original on 18 May 2016.
  63. ^ a b Michel, Foucault (2007). Security,Territory,Population. pp. 311–332.
  64. ^ Michel, Foucault (2007). Security,Territory,Population. pp. 1–27.
  65. ^ Michel, Foucault (2007). Security,Territory,Population. pp. 87-115 115-135.
  66. ^ Sklair, Leslie (2004). "Globalizing class theory". In Sinclair, Timothy (ed.). Global governance: critical concepts in political science. Taylor & Francis. pp. 139–140. ISBN Archived from the original on 19 May 2016.
  67. ^ Rueschemeyer, Skocpol, and Evans, 1985:[page needed]
  68. ^ Vincent, 1992: p. 43 Archived 24 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  69. ^ Malešević, 2002: p. 85 Archived 20 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  70. ^ Dogan, 1992: pp. 119–120 Archived 17 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  71. ^ Wallerstein, Immanuel (1999). The end of the world as we know it: social science for the twenty-first century. University of Minnesota Press. p. 228. ISBN Archived from the original on 28 May 2016.
  72. ^ Collins, Randall (1986). Weberian Sociological Theory. Cambridge University Press. p. 158. ISBN Archived from the original on 3 June 2016.
  73. ^ Swedberg, Richard & Agevall, Ola (2005). The Max Weber dictionary: key words and central concepts. Stanford University Press. p. 148. ISBN Archived from the original on 28 April 2016.
  74. ^ Giddens, Anthony. 1987. Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism. 3 vols. Vol. II: The Nation-State and Violence Archived 27 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Cambridge: Polity Press. ISBN Archived 27 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  75. ^ a b c klaus kästle. "Countries of the World". Nationsonline.org. Archived from the original on 17 February 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
  76. ^ Ingold, Tim (1999). "On the social relations of the hunter-gatherer band". In Lee, Richard B.; Daly, Richard Heywood (eds.). The Cambridge encyclopedia of hunters and gatherers. Cambridge University Press. p. 408. ISBN Archived from the original on 17 May 2016.
  77. ^ Shaw, Ian & Jameson, Robert (2002). "Neolithic". A dictionary of archaeology (6th ed.). Wiley-Blackwell. p. 423. ISBN Archived from the original on 24 April 2016.
  78. ^ Hassan, F.A. (2007). "The Lie of History: Nation-States and the Contradictions of Complex Societies". In Costanza, Robert; et al. (eds.). Sustainability or collapse?: an integrated history and future of people on earth. MIT Press. p. 186. ISBN Archived from the original on 2 May 2016.
  79. ^ Scott, 2009: p. 29 Archived 5 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  80. ^ Langer, Erick D. & Stearns, Peter N. (1994). "Agricultural systems". In Stearns, Peter N. (ed.). Encyclopedia of social history. Taylor & Francis. p. 28. ISBN Archived from the original on 4 June 2016.
  81. ^ Cohen, Ronald (1978). "State Origins: A Reappraisal". The Early State. Walter de Gruyter. p. 36. ISBN Archived from the original on 30 April 2016.
  82. ^ Roosevelt, Anna C. (1999). "The Maritime, Highland, Forest Dynamic and the Origins of Complex Culture". In Salomon, Frank; Schwartz, Stuart B. (eds.). Cambridge history of the Native peoples of the Americas: South America, Volume 3. Cambridge University Press. pp. 266–267. ISBN Archived from the original on 24 June 2016.
  83. ^ Mann, Michael (1986). "The emergence of stratification, states, and multi-power-actor civilization in Mesopotamia". The sources of social power: A history of power from the beginning to A. D. 1760, Volume 1. Cambridge University Press. ISBN Archived from the original on 25 April 2016.
  84. ^ Yoffee, Norman (1988). "Context and Authority in Early Mesopotamian Law". In Cohen, Ronald; Toland, Judith D. (eds.). State formation and political legitimacy. Transaction Publishers. p. 95. ISBN Archived from the original on 1 May 2016.
  85. ^ Yoffee, Norman (2005). Myths of the archaic state: evolution of the earliest cities, states and civilizations. Cambridge University Press. p. 102. ISBN Archived from the original on 11 May 2011.
  86. ^ Nelson, 2006: p. 17 Archived 16 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  87. ^ Jones, Rhys (2007). People/states/territories: the political geographies of British state transformation. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 52–53. ISBN Archived 16 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine where Jones discusses problems with common conceptions of feudalism.
  88. ^ Poggi, G. 1978. The Development of the Modern State: A Sociological Introduction. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  89. ^ Breuilly, John. 1993. Nationalism and the State Archived 1 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-7190-3800-6.
  90. ^ Samuels, David (2012). Comparative Politics. Pearson Higher Education. p. 29.
  91. ^ a b Samuels, David. Comparative Politics. Pearson Higher Education.
  92. ^ Migdal, Joel (1988). Strong societies and weak states: state-society relations and state capabilities in the Third World. pp. Chapter 2.
  93. ^ Migdal, Joel (1988). Strong societies and weak states: state-society relations and state capabilities in the Third World. Princeton University Press. pp. Chapter 8.

Bibliography