Mainz | notes and references

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand 2018 - Gemeindeebene". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2019.
  2. ^ Landeshauptstadt Mainz. "Einwohner_nach_Stadtteilen" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  3. ^ Landeshauptstadt Mainz. "Einwohner_nach_Stadtteilen" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  4. ^ Olaf Höckmann: Mainz als römische Hafenstadt. p. 87–106. in: Michael J. Klein (editor): Die Römer und ihr Erbe. Fortschritt durch Innovation und Integration. Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 2003, ISBN 3-8053-2948-2.
  5. ^ "Mainz historic weather averages". Intellicast. June 2011. Retrieved 21 September 2009.
  6. ^ The earliest certain evidence of the existence of Mogontiacum is the account of the death and funeral of Nero Claudius Drusus, brother of the future emperor, Tiberius, given in Suetonius' life of Drusus. Few leaders have been as loved and as popular as Drusus. He fell from his horse in 9 BC, contracted gangrene and lingered several days. His brother Tiberius reached him in just a few days riding post-horses over the Roman roads and served as the chief mourner, walking with the deceased in a funeral procession from the summer camp where he had fallen to Mogontiacum, where the soldiers insisted on a funeral. The body was transported to Rome, cremated in the Campus Martis and the ashes placed in the tomb of Augustus, who was still alive, and wrote poetry and delivered a state funeral oration for him. If Drusus founded Mogontiacum the earliest date is the start of his campaign, 13 BC. Some hypothesize that Mogontiacum was constructed at one of two earlier opportunities, one when Marcus Agrippa campaigned in the region in 42 BC or by Julius Caesar himself after 58 BC. Lack of evidence plays a part in favoring 13 BC. No sources cite Mogontiacum before 13 BC, no legions are known to have been stationed there, and no coins survive.[This quote needs a citation]
  7. ^ von Elbe, Joachim (1975). Roman Germany: a guide to sites and museums. Mainz: P. von Zabern. p. 253.
  8. ^ A second hypothesis suggests that Moguns was a wealthy Celt whose estate was taken for the fort and that a tax district was formed on the area parallel to other tax districts with a -iacum suffix (Arenacum, Mannaricium). There is no evidence for this supposedly wealthy man or his estate, but there is plenty for the god. According to Carl Darling Buck in Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, -yo- and -k- are general Indo-European formative suffices and are not related to taxes. As the loyalty of the Vangiones was unquestioned and Drusus was campaigning over the Rhine, it is unlikely Mogontiacum would have been built to collect taxes from the Vangiones, who were not a Roman municipium.
  9. ^ "Mainz, temple of Isis – Livius".
  10. ^ "Isis-Tempel in Mainz".
  11. ^ Michael Kulikowski, "Barbarians in Gaul, Usurpers in Britain" Britannia 31 (2000:325–345).
  12. ^ Rosamond McKitterick, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians, (Longman Group, 1999), 229.
  13. ^ Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim. A distant mirror. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-307-29160-8. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  14. ^ de:Neue Synagoge Mainz
  15. ^ Jean-Denis G.G. Lepage (2009). French Fortifications, 1715-1815: An Illustrated History. McFarland. p. 244. ISBN 978-0-7864-5807-3.
  16. ^ Stanton, Shelby, World War II Order of Battle: An Encyclopedic Reference to U.S. Army Ground Forces from Battalion through Division, 1939–1946, Stackpole Books (Revised Edition 2006), p. 164
  17. ^ original text of Kœnig's order No. 57 Archived 28 September 2011 at the Archived 24 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ History of Mainz Cathedral
  19. ^ Aerial view Archived 8 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine of the total destruction from the repeated US & RAF bombing raids on the city; Photographer: Margaret Bourke-White.
  20. ^ Aerial view Archived 17 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine of bomb-damaged theater, St. Quintins church, St. Johannis church and old university after an Allied air attack.
  21. ^ Aerial view of Mainz-Neustadt and the port of Mainz for Life magazine
  22. ^ Eric Paul Mumford: CIAM Discourse on Urbanism 1928–1960 p. 159
  23. ^ Jeffry M. Diefendorf: In the Wake of War: The Reconstruction of German Cities After World War 2 p. 357
  24. ^ Plan for the reconstruction of the German city of Mainz by Marcel Lods, 1947 in: Carl Fingerhuth: Learning from China: The Tao Of The City p. 59
  25. ^ "ASC Theresianum Mainz Basketball |". Asc-theresianum-mainz.de. 13 April 2018.
  26. ^ "Universitäts Sportclub Mainz: USC Mainz".
  27. ^ Peter H. Eisenhuth in der Mainzer Rhein-Zeitung vom 9. September 2009
  28. ^ Basketball: Cup Winner' Cup 1971–72 – First Round USC Mainz. Website Linguasport – Sport History and Statistics. Abgerufen am 4. Juni 2012.
  29. ^ Culture and History (from the Mainz city council website. Accessed 10 February 2008.)
  30. ^ "Great Wine Capitals".
  31. ^ "Rhine Cycle Route". Euregio Rhine-Waal. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
  32. ^ a b "How to get to Mainz". Landeshauptstadt Mainz.
  33. ^ "Partnerstädte". mainz.de (in German). Mainz. Retrieved 26 November 2019.