Tel Aviv

  • tel aviv-yafo

    תל־אביב–יפו (hebrew)
    تل أبيب - يافا (arabic)
    city
    skyline of tel aviv (34324506705).jpg
    azriely sarona5.jpg
    isr-2015-jaffa-clock tower-cropped.jpg
    tel aviv promenade panoramics.jpg
    panorama of tel aviv.jpg
    from upper left: skyline of tel aviv, azrieli sarona tower, jaffa clock tower, tel aviv promenade, panorama of the city
    flag of tel aviv-yafo
    flag
    emblem of tel aviv.svg
    coat of arms
    nickname(s): 
    • 'the first hebrew city'
    • 'the white city'
    • 'non-stop city'
    • 'the bubble'
    • 'tlv'
    • 'the big orange'
    tel aviv-yafo is located in israel
    tel aviv-yafo
    tel aviv-yafo
    location of tel aviv–yafo in israel
    tel aviv-yafo is located in asia
    tel aviv-yafo
    tel aviv-yafo
    tel aviv-yafo (asia)
    tel aviv-yafo is located in earth
    tel aviv-yafo
    tel aviv-yafo
    tel aviv-yafo (earth)
    coordinates: 32°4′n 34°47′e / 32°4′n 34°47′e / 32.067; 34.783
    unesco world heritage site
    official name[1]
    state partyisrael
    regionisrael

    tel aviv-yafo (hebrew: תֵּל־אָבִיב–יָפוֹtel aviv-yafo [tel aˈviv ˈjafo]; arabic: تَلّ أَبِيب - يَافَا‎ – tall ʾabīb - yāfā), often referred to as just tel aviv, is the most populous city in the gush dan metropolitan area of israel. located on the israeli mediterranean coastline and with a population of 451,523, it is the economic and technological center of the country. if east jerusalem is considered part of israel, tel aviv is the country's second most populous city after jerusalem; if not, tel aviv is the most populous city before west jerusalem.[a]

    tel aviv is governed by the tel aviv-yafo municipality, headed by mayor ron huldai, and is home to many foreign embassies.[b] it is a global city and is ranked 25th in the global financial centres index. tel aviv has the third- or fourth-largest economy and the largest economy per capita in the middle east.[6][7] the city has the 31st highest cost of living in the world.[8] tel aviv receives over 2.5 million international visitors annually.[9][10] a "party capital" in the middle east, it has a lively nightlife and 24-hour culture.[11][12] tel aviv has been called the world's vegan food capital, as it possesses the highest per capita population of vegans in the world, with many vegan eateries throughout the city.[13] tel aviv is home to tel aviv university, the largest university in the country with more than 30,000 students.

    the city was founded in 1909 by the yishuv (jewish residents) as a modern housing estate on the outskirts of the ancient port city of jaffa, then part of the jerusalem province of ottoman syria. it was at first called 'ahuzat bayit' (lit. "house estate" or "homestead"),[14][15] the name of the association which established the neighbourhood, a name changed the following year to 'tel aviv'. its name means "tell of spring", symbolising both ancient legacy and renewal. other jewish suburbs of jaffa established outside jaffa's old city even before tel aviv, eventually became part of tel aviv, the oldest among them being neve tzedek (est. 1886).[16]

    immigration by mostly jewish refugees meant that the growth of tel aviv soon outpaced that of jaffa, which had a majority arab population at the time.[17] tel aviv and jaffa were later merged into a single municipality in 1950, two years after the israeli declaration of independence, which was proclaimed in the city. tel aviv's white city, designated a unesco world heritage site in 2003, comprises the world's largest concentration of international style buildings, including bauhaus and other related modernist architectural styles.[18][19]

  • etymology and origins
  • history
  • geography
  • local government
  • education
  • demographics
  • cityscape
  • economy
  • culture and contemporary life
  • environment and urban restoration
  • transportation
  • foreign relations
  • future
  • people born in tel aviv
  • notes
  • references
  • bibliography
  • external links

Tel Aviv-Yafo

תל־אביב–יפו (Hebrew)
تل أبيب - يافا (Arabic)
Skyline of Tel Aviv (34324506705).jpg
Azriely Sarona5.jpg
ISR-2015-Jaffa-Clock tower-cropped.jpg
Tel Aviv Promenade panoramics.jpg
Panorama of Tel Aviv.jpg
From upper left: Skyline of Tel Aviv, Azrieli Sarona Tower, Jaffa Clock Tower, Tel Aviv Promenade, panorama of the city
Flag of Tel Aviv-Yafo
Flag
Emblem of Tel Aviv.svg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
  • 'The first Hebrew city'
  • 'The White City'
  • 'Non-Stop City'
  • 'The Bubble'
  • 'TLV'
  • 'The Big Orange'
Tel Aviv-Yafo is located in Israel
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Location of Tel Aviv–Yafo in Israel
Tel Aviv-Yafo is located in Asia
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo (Asia)
Tel Aviv-Yafo is located in Earth
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo
Tel Aviv-Yafo (Earth)
Coordinates: 32°4′N 34°47′E / 32°4′N 34°47′E / 32.067; 34.783
Official name[1]
State PartyIsrael
RegionIsrael

Tel Aviv-Yafo (Hebrew: תֵּל־אָבִיב–יָפוֹTel Aviv-Yafo [tel aˈviv ˈjafo]; Arabic: تَلّ أَبِيب - يَافَا‎ – Tall ʾAbīb - Yāfā), often referred to as just Tel Aviv, is the most populous city in the Gush Dan metropolitan area of Israel. Located on the Israeli Mediterranean coastline and with a population of 451,523, it is the economic and technological center of the country. If East Jerusalem is considered part of Israel, Tel Aviv is the country's second most populous city after Jerusalem; if not, Tel Aviv is the most populous city before West Jerusalem.[a]

Tel Aviv is governed by the Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality, headed by Mayor Ron Huldai, and is home to many foreign embassies.[b] It is a global city and is ranked 25th in the Global Financial Centres Index. Tel Aviv has the third- or fourth-largest economy and the largest economy per capita in the Middle East.[6][7] The city has the 31st highest cost of living in the world.[8] Tel Aviv receives over 2.5 million international visitors annually.[9][10] A "party capital" in the Middle East, it has a lively nightlife and 24-hour culture.[11][12] Tel Aviv has been called The World's Vegan Food Capital, as it possesses the highest per capita population of vegans in the world, with many vegan eateries throughout the city.[13] Tel Aviv is home to Tel Aviv University, the largest university in the country with more than 30,000 students.

The city was founded in 1909 by the Yishuv (Jewish residents) as a modern housing estate on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa, then part of the Jerusalem province of Ottoman Syria. It was at first called 'Ahuzat Bayit' (lit. "House Estate" or "Homestead"),[14][15] the name of the association which established the neighbourhood, a name changed the following year to 'Tel Aviv'. Its name means "Tell of Spring", symbolising both ancient legacy and renewal. Other Jewish suburbs of Jaffa established outside Jaffa's Old City even before Tel Aviv, eventually became part of Tel Aviv, the oldest among them being Neve Tzedek (est. 1886).[16]

Immigration by mostly Jewish refugees meant that the growth of Tel Aviv soon outpaced that of Jaffa, which had a majority Arab population at the time.[17] Tel Aviv and Jaffa were later merged into a single municipality in 1950, two years after the Israeli Declaration of Independence, which was proclaimed in the city. Tel Aviv's White City, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003, comprises the world's largest concentration of International Style buildings, including Bauhaus and other related modernist architectural styles.[18][19]