Saudis • سعوديون
Total population
62,15% of the population of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2017 Saudi estimate[1]
Regions with significant populations
 Saudi Arabia20,768,627 (2017)[2]
 Egypt1,771,894 (2016)[2]
 United States567,511 (2013)[2]
 United Kingdom98,604[2]
 United Arab Emirates150,247 (2015)[2]
 Syria83,560 (2010)
 Iran82,314 (2016)[3]

Saudis (Arabic: سعوديونSuʿūdiyyūn) or Saudi Arabians are a nation composed mainly of Arab ethnic groups who are native to the Arabian Peninsula and live in the five historical Regions: Najd, Al-Hijaz, Asir, Tihama and Al-Ahsa; the regions which Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded on or what was formerly known as the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd in the Arabian Peninsula. Saudis speak one of the accents and dialects of the Peninsular Arabic, including the Hejazi, Najdi, Gulf and Southern Arabic dialects (which includes Bareqi), as a mother tongue. According to the 2010 A.D.census, Saudi nationals represented approximately 19,335,377 making up 74.1% of the total population. Saudi Arabia is a state governed by absolute monarchy, with the king as its head of state.The word Saudis refer to the name of the ruling family in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia today as an inclusive name for the people of the five regions: (Najd, Al-Hijaz, Asir, Tihama, and Al-Ahsa).


The ethnic Saudi population as of the 2010 ِA.D. census was 19,335,377 making up 74.1% of the total population. The remaining population has 6,755,178 non-nationals representing 25.9%. Saudis by region:

Total: 19,335,377 (74.1%)

Until the 1960s, most of the population was nomadic or seminomadic; due to rapid economic and urban growth, more than 95% of the population now is settled. 80% of Saudis live in three major urban centers—Riyadh, Jeddah, or Dammam.[4] Some cities and oases have densities of more than 1,000 people per square kilometer (2,600/mile²).[5] Despite the rapid growth in Saudi Arabia over the past decades, it is experiencing a rapid decline not only in mortality, but followed by fertility rates, which fell from about seven children on average per woman. In the last century to 2.4 in 2016, based on the latest population survey conducted by the Saudi Authority for Statistics.[6] Saudi Arabia has lagged far behind in increasing its population compared to its neighbors such as Iraq and Syria.