Mother Teresa

  • saint teresa of calcutta
    mother teresa, mc
    mother teresa 1.jpg
    consecrated religious, nun
    bornanjezë gonxhe bojaxhiu
    (1910-08-26)26 august 1910
    Üsküp, kosovo vilayet, ottoman empire
    (present-day skopje, north macedonia)
    died5 september 1997(1997-09-05) (aged 87)
    calcutta, west bengal, india (present-day kolkata)
    venerated inroman catholic church
    beatified19 october 2003, saint peter's square, vatican city by pope john paul ii
    canonized4 september 2016, saint peter's square, vatican city by pope francis
    major shrinemother house of the missionaries of charity, kolkata, west bengal, india
    feast5 september[1]
    attributes
    • nun's habit
    • rosary
    patronage
    • world youth day
    • missionaries of charity
    • archdiocese of calcutta (co-patron) [2][3]
    mother teresa
    titlesuperior general
    personal
    religionchristianity
    nationalityottoman subject (1910–1912)
    serbian subject (1912–1915)
    bulgarian subject (1915–1918)
    yugoslavian subject (1918–1943)
    yugoslavian citizen (1943–1948)
    indian subject (1948–1950)
    indian citizen[4] (1950–1997)
    albanian citizen[5] (1991–1997)
    united states, honorary citizenship (awarded 1996)
    denominationroman catholicism
    signaturesignature of mother teresa
    institutesisters of loreto
    (1928–1948)
    missionaries of charity
    (1950–1997)
    senior posting
    period in office1950–1997
    successorsr. nirmala joshi, mc

    mary teresa bojaxhiu[6] (born anjezë gonxhe bojaxhiu, albanian: [aˈɲɛzə ˈɡɔndʒɛ bɔjaˈdʒiu]; 26 august 1910 – 5 september 1997), commonly known as mother teresa and honoured in the catholic church as saint teresa of calcutta,[7] was an albanian-indian[4] roman catholic nun and missionary.[8] she was born in skopje (now the capital of north macedonia), then part of the kosovo vilayet of the ottoman empire. after living in skopje for eighteen years, she moved to ireland and then to india, where she lived for most of her life.

    in 1950, teresa founded the missionaries of charity, a roman catholic religious congregation that had over 4,500 nuns and was active in 133 countries in 2012. the congregation manages homes for people who are dying of hiv/aids, leprosy and tuberculosis. it also runs soup kitchens, dispensaries, mobile clinics, children's and family counselling programmes, as well as orphanages and schools. members take vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience, and also profess a fourth vow – to give "wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor."[9]

    teresa received a number of honors, including the 1962 ramon magsaysay peace prize and 1979 nobel peace prize. she was canonised on 4 september 2016, and the anniversary of her death (5 september) is her feast day.

    a controversial figure during her life and after her death, teresa was admired by many for her charitable work. she was praised and criticized on various counts, such as for her views on abortion and contraception, and was criticized for poor conditions in her houses for the dying. her authorized biography was written by navin chawla and published in 1992, and she has been the subject of films and other books. on 6 september 2017, teresa and st. francis xavier were named co-patrons of the roman catholic archdiocese of calcutta.

  • biography
  • recognition and reception
  • criticism
  • spiritual life
  • canonisation
  • co-patron of calcutta archdiocese
  • legacy and depictions in popular culture
  • see also
  • references
  • sources
  • external links

Saint Teresa of Calcutta
Mother Teresa, MC
Mother Teresa 1.jpg
Consecrated religious, nun
BornAnjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu
(1910-08-26)26 August 1910
Üsküp, Kosovo Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
(present-day Skopje, North Macedonia)
Died5 September 1997(1997-09-05) (aged 87)
Calcutta, West Bengal, India (present-day Kolkata)
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Beatified19 October 2003, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II
Canonized4 September 2016, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Francis
Major shrineMother House of the Missionaries of Charity, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Feast5 September[1]
Attributes
Patronage
Mother Teresa
TitleSuperior general
Personal
ReligionChristianity
NationalityOttoman subject (1910–1912)
Serbian subject (1912–1915)
Bulgarian subject (1915–1918)
Yugoslavian subject (1918–1943)
Yugoslavian citizen (1943–1948)
Indian subject (1948–1950)
Indian citizen[4] (1950–1997)
Albanian citizen[5] (1991–1997)
United States, honorary citizenship (awarded 1996)
DenominationRoman Catholicism
SignatureSignature of Mother Teresa
InstituteSisters of Loreto
(1928–1948)
Missionaries of Charity
(1950–1997)
Senior posting
Period in office1950–1997
SuccessorSr. Nirmala Joshi, MC

Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu[6] (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu, Albanian: [aˈɲɛzə ˈɡɔndʒɛ bɔjaˈdʒiu]; 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), commonly known as Mother Teresa and honoured in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta,[7] was an Albanian-Indian[4] Roman Catholic nun and missionary.[8] She was born in Skopje (now the capital of North Macedonia), then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. After living in Skopje for eighteen years, she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life.

In 1950, Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation that had over 4,500 nuns and was active in 133 countries in 2012. The congregation manages homes for people who are dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis. It also runs soup kitchens, dispensaries, mobile clinics, children's and family counselling programmes, as well as orphanages and schools. Members take vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience, and also profess a fourth vow – to give "wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor."[9]

Teresa received a number of honors, including the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. She was canonised on 4 September 2016, and the anniversary of her death (5 September) is her feast day.

A controversial figure during her life and after her death, Teresa was admired by many for her charitable work. She was praised and criticized on various counts, such as for her views on abortion and contraception, and was criticized for poor conditions in her houses for the dying. Her authorized biography was written by Navin Chawla and published in 1992, and she has been the subject of films and other books. On 6 September 2017, Teresa and St. Francis Xavier were named co-patrons of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Calcutta.