## Mathematician |

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Fields of employment | universities, private corporations, financial industry, government |

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A **mathematician** is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of

Mathematics is concerned with

- history
- required education
- activities
- occupations
- quotations about mathematicians
- prizes in mathematics
- mathematical autobiographies
- see also
- notes
- references
- further reading
- external links

One of the earliest known mathematicians was ^{[1]} He is credited with the first use of deductive reasoning applied to geometry, by deriving four corollaries to

The number of known mathematicians grew when ^{[2]} It was the Pythagoreans who coined the term "mathematics", and with whom the study of mathematics for its own sake begins.

The first woman mathematician recorded by history was ^{[3]}

Science and mathematics in the Islamic world during the Middle Ages followed various models and modes of funding varied based primarily on scholars. It was extensive patronage and strong intellectual policies implemented by specific rulers that allowed scientific knowledge to develop in many areas. Funding for translation of scientific texts in other languages was ongoing throughout the reign of certain caliphs,^{[4]} and it turned out that certain scholars became experts in the works they translated and in turn received further support for continuing to develop certain sciences. As these sciences received wider attention from the elite, more scholars were invited and funded to study particular sciences. An example of a translator and mathematician who benefited from this type of support was

The

As time passed, many mathematicians gravitated towards universities. An emphasis on free thinking and experimentation had begun in Britain's oldest universities beginning in the seventeenth century at Oxford with the scientists ^{[5]} In 1810, Humboldt convinced the King of Prussia to build a university in Berlin based on ^{[6]}

British universities of this period adopted some approaches familiar to the Italian and German universities, but as they already enjoyed substantial freedoms and ^{[7]} Overall, science (including mathematics) became the focus of universities in the 19th and 20th centuries. Students could conduct research in ^{[8]} According to Humboldt, the mission of the ^{[9]} The German university system fostered professional, bureaucratically regulated scientific research performed in well-equipped laboratories, instead of the kind of research done by private and individual scholars in Great Britain and France.^{[10]} In fact, Rüegg asserts that the German system is responsible for the development of the modern research university because it focused on the idea of “freedom of scientific research, teaching and study.”^{[11]}