List of names of European cities in different languages
many cities in europe have different names in different languages. some cities have also undergone
this article does not offer any opinion about what the "original", "official", "real" or "correct" name of any city is or was. cities are listed alphabetically by their current best-known name in english. the english version is followed by variants in other languages, in alphabetical order by name, and then by any historical variants and former names. several cities have
note: the blue asterisks generally indicate the availability of a wikipedia article in that language for that city; it also provides additional reference for the equivalence. red asterisks or a lack of an asterisk indicate that no such article exists, and that these equivalents without further footnotes should be viewed with caution.