Knesset

The Knesset

הכנסת

HaKnesset
22nd Knesset
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Yuli-Yoel Edelstein, Likud
since 18 March 2013
Benjamin Netanyahu, Likud
since 31 March 2009
Shelly Yachimovich, Labor
since 1 January 2019
Structure
Seats120
22nd Knesset 2.svg
Political groups
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
D'Hondt method
Last election
17 September 2019
Next election
Next Israeli legislative election
Meeting place
Knesset Building (South Side).JPG
Knesset, Givat Ram, Jerusalem, www.knesset.gov.il

The Knesset (Hebrew: הַכְּנֶסֶת [ha 'kneset] (About this soundlisten); lit. "gathering"[1] or "assembly") is the unicameral national legislature of Israel. As the legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset passes all laws, elects the President and Prime Minister (although the latter is ceremonially appointed by the President), approves the cabinet, and supervises the work of the government. In addition, the Knesset elects the State Comptroller. It also has the power to waive the immunity of its members, remove the President and the State Comptroller from office, dissolve the government in a constructive vote of no confidence, and to dissolve itself and call new elections. The Prime Minister may also dissolve the Knesset. However, until an election is completed, the Knesset maintains authority in its current composition.[2] The Knesset is located in Givat Ram, Jerusalem. The Knesset was temporarily dissolved on 30 May 2019.[3]

Name

The term "Knesset" is derived from the ancient Knesset HaGdola (Hebrew: כְּנֶסֶת הַגְּדוֹלָה‎) or "Great Assembly", which according to Jewish tradition was an assembly of 120 scribes, sages, and prophets, in the period from the end of the Biblical prophets to the time of the development of Rabbinic Judaism – about two centuries ending c. 200 BCE.[4] There is, however, no organisational continuity and – aside from the number of members – little similarity, as the ancient Knesset was a religious, completely unelected body.