Individualism

  • two-axis political spectrum chart with an economic axis and a socio-cultural axis, and ideologically representative colors

    individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.[1][2] individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance[3] and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group,[3] while opposing external interference upon one's own interests by society or institutions such as the government.[3] individualism is often defined in contrast to totalitarianism, collectivism, and more corporate social forms.[4][5]

    individualism makes the individual its focus[1] and so starts "with the fundamental premise that the human individual is of primary importance in the struggle for liberation."[6] anarchism, existentialism, and liberalism are examples of movements that take the human individual as a central unit of analysis.[6] individualism thus involves "the right of the individual to freedom and self-realization".[7]

    it has also been used as a term denoting "the quality of being an individual; individuality"[3] related to possessing "an individual characteristic; a quirk."[3] individualism is thus also associated with artistic and bohemian interests and lifestyles where there is a tendency towards self-creation and experimentation as opposed to tradition or popular mass opinions and behaviors,[3][8] as with humanist philosophical positions and ethics.[9][10]

  • etymology
  • individual
  • individualism and society
  • political individualism
  • philosophical individualism
  • economic individualism
  • as creative independent lifestyle
  • religion and individualism
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading

Two-axis political spectrum chart with an economic axis and a socio-cultural axis, and ideologically representative colors

Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.[1][2] Individualists promote the exercise of one's goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance[3] and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group,[3] while opposing external interference upon one's own interests by society or institutions such as the government.[3] Individualism is often defined in contrast to totalitarianism, collectivism, and more corporate social forms.[4][5]

Individualism makes the individual its focus[1] and so starts "with the fundamental premise that the human individual is of primary importance in the struggle for liberation."[6] Anarchism, existentialism, and liberalism are examples of movements that take the human individual as a central unit of analysis.[6] Individualism thus involves "the right of the individual to freedom and self-realization".[7]

It has also been used as a term denoting "The quality of being an individual; individuality"[3] related to possessing "An individual characteristic; a quirk."[3] Individualism is thus also associated with artistic and bohemian interests and lifestyles where there is a tendency towards self-creation and experimentation as opposed to tradition or popular mass opinions and behaviors,[3][8] as with humanist philosophical positions and ethics.[9][10]