Indiana

State of Indiana
Flag of IndianaState seal of Indiana
FlagSeal
Nickname(s):
The Hoosier State
Motto(s): The Crossroads of America
State song(s): On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
Official languageEnglish
DemonymHoosier
Capital
(and largest city)
Indianapolis
Largest metroGreater Indianapolis
AreaRanked 38th
 • Total36,418 sq mi
(94,321 km2)
 • Width140 miles (225 km)
 • Length270 miles (435 km)
 • % water1.5
 • Latitude37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
 • Longitude84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W
PopulationRanked 17th
 • Total6,691,878 (2018)
 • Density183/sq mi  (70.7/km2)
Ranked 16th
 • Median household income$54,181 (2017)[1] (35th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointHoosier Hill[2][3]
1,257 ft (383 m)
 • Mean700 ft  (210 m)
 • Lowest pointConfluence of Ohio River and Wabash River[2][3]
320 ft (97 m)
Before statehoodIndiana Territory
Admitted to the UnionDecember 11, 1816 (19th)
GovernorEric Holcomb (R)
Lieutenant GovernorSuzanne Crouch (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseIndiana Senate
 • Lower houseIndiana House of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsTodd Young (R)
Mike Braun (R)
U.S. House delegation7 Republicans,
2 Democrats (list)
Time zones 
 • 80 countiesEastern: UTC −5/−4
 • 12 countiesCentral: UTC −6/−5
ISO 3166US-IN
AbbreviationsIN, www.in.gov
Indiana state symbols
Flag of Indiana.svg
Indiana-StateSeal.svg
Living insignia
BirdCardinal
FishLargemouth bass
FlowerPeony
InsectSay's Firefly[4]
TreeTulip tree
Inanimate insignia
ColorsBlue and gold
FirearmGrouseland Rifle
FoodSugar cream pie
Poem"Indiana"
RockSalem Limestone
ShipUSS Indianapolis (4), USS Indiana (4)
SloganHonest to Goodness Indiana
SoilMiami
SportBasketball
OtherRiver: Wabash
State route marker
Indiana state route marker
State quarter
Indiana quarter dollar coin
Released in 2002
Lists of United States state symbols
Interactive map of Indiana

Indiana ə/ (About this soundlisten) is a U.S. state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 38th-largest by area and the 17th-most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U.S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, and Illinois to the west.

Before becoming a territory, various indigenous peoples and Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States; the state's northernmost tier was settled primarily by people from New England and New York, Central Indiana by migrants from the Mid-Atlantic states and from adjacent Ohio, and Southern Indiana by settlers from the Southern states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee.[5]

Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $359.12 billion in 2017.[6] Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, and hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races.

Etymology

Indiana's welcome signs feature the state motto "Crossroads of America."

The state's name means "Land of the Indians", or simply "Indian Land".[7] It also stems from Indiana's territorial history. On May 7, 1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the western section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a part of this territorial land became the geographic area for the new state.[8][9][10]

A resident of Indiana is officially known as a Hoosier.[11] The etymology of this word is disputed, but the leading theory, as advanced by the Indiana Historical Bureau and the Indiana Historical Society, has "Hoosier" originating from Virginia, the Carolinas, and Tennessee (a part of the Upland South region of the United States) as a term for a backwoodsman, a rough countryman, or a country bumpkin.[12][13]