Haifa

  • haifa

    • חֵיפָה
    • حيفا
    from upper left: view of haifa at night from mount carmel; baháʼí world centre; aerial view of the haifa university; ahmadiyya mahmood mosque; the carmelit; national museum of science, technology, and space; view of haifa during the day from mount carmel.
    from upper left: view of haifa at night from mount carmel; baháʼí world centre; aerial view of the haifa university; ahmadiyya mahmood mosque; the carmelit; national museum of science, technology, and space; view of haifa during the day from mount carmel.
    flag of haifa
    flag
    coat of arms of haifa.svg
    coat of arms
    map of haifa
    map of haifa
    haifa is located in northern haifa region of israel
    haifa
    haifa
    location in israel
    haifa is located in israel
    haifa
    haifa
    haifa (israel)
    coordinates: 32°49′0″n 34°59′0″e / 32°49′0″n 34°59′0″e / 32.81667; 34.98333

    haifa (hebrew: חֵיפָה Ḥefa [χeˈfa]; arabic: حيفاḤayfa)[2] is the third-largest city in israel – after jerusalem and tel aviv – with a population of 283,640 in 2018. the city of haifa forms part of the haifa metropolitan area, the second- or third-most populous metropolitan area in israel.[3][4] it is home to the baháʼí world centre, and is a unesco world heritage site and a destination for baháʼí pilgrims.[5]

    built on the slopes of mount carmel, the settlement has a history spanning more than 3,000 years. the earliest known settlement in the vicinity was tell abu hawam, a small port city established in the late bronze age (14th century bce).[6] in the 3rd century ce, haifa was known as a dye-making center. over the millennia, the haifa area has changed hands: being conquered and ruled by the canaanites, israelites, phoenicians, persians, hasmoneans, romans, byzantines, arabs, crusaders, ottomans, and the british. since the establishment of the israeli state in 1948, the haifa municipality has governed the city.

    as of 2016, the city is a major seaport located on israel's mediterranean coastline in the bay of haifa covering 63.7 square kilometres (24.6 sq mi). it lies about 90 kilometres (56 mi) north of tel aviv and is the major regional center of northern israel. according to researcher jonathan kis-lev, haifa is considered a relative haven for coexistence between jews and arabs.[7] two respected academic institutions, the university of haifa and the technion, are located in haifa, in addition to the largest k–12 school in israel, the hebrew reali school. the city plays an important role in israel's economy. it is home to matam, one of the oldest and largest high-tech parks in the country; haifa also owns the only underground rapid transit system located in israel, known as the carmelit.[8][9] haifa bay is a center of heavy industry, petroleum refining and chemical processing. haifa formerly functioned as the western terminus of an oil pipeline from iraq via jordan.[10]

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  • locations and names
  • history
  • demographics
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  • economy
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  • people from haifa
  • twin towns – sister cities
  • see also
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Haifa

  • חֵיפָה
  • حيفا
From upper left: View of Haifa at night from Mount Carmel; Baháʼí World Centre; aerial view of the Haifa University; Ahmadiyya Mahmood Mosque; the Carmelit; National Museum of Science, Technology, and Space; view of Haifa during the day from Mount Carmel.
From upper left: View of Haifa at night from Mount Carmel; Baháʼí World Centre; aerial view of the Haifa University; Ahmadiyya Mahmood Mosque; the Carmelit; National Museum of Science, Technology, and Space; view of Haifa during the day from Mount Carmel.
Flag of Haifa
Flag
Coat of arms of Haifa.svg
Coat of arms
Map of Haifa
Map of Haifa
Haifa is located in Northern Haifa region of Israel
Haifa
Haifa
Location in Israel
Haifa is located in Israel
Haifa
Haifa
Haifa (Israel)
Coordinates: 32°49′0″N 34°59′0″E / 32°49′0″N 34°59′0″E / 32.81667; 34.98333

Haifa (Hebrew: חֵיפָה Ḥefa [χeˈfa]; Arabic: حيفاḤayfa)[2] is the third-largest city in Israel – after Jerusalem and Tel Aviv – with a population of 283,640 in 2018. The city of Haifa forms part of the Haifa metropolitan area, the second- or third-most populous metropolitan area in Israel.[3][4] It is home to the Baháʼí World Centre, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a destination for Baháʼí pilgrims.[5]

Built on the slopes of Mount Carmel, the settlement has a history spanning more than 3,000 years. The earliest known settlement in the vicinity was Tell Abu Hawam, a small port city established in the Late Bronze Age (14th century BCE).[6] In the 3rd century CE, Haifa was known as a dye-making center. Over the millennia, the Haifa area has changed hands: being conquered and ruled by the Canaanites, Israelites, Phoenicians, Persians, Hasmoneans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, Ottomans, and the British. Since the establishment of the Israeli state in 1948, the Haifa Municipality has governed the city.

As of 2016, the city is a major seaport located on Israel's Mediterranean coastline in the Bay of Haifa covering 63.7 square kilometres (24.6 sq mi). It lies about 90 kilometres (56 mi) north of Tel Aviv and is the major regional center of northern Israel. According to researcher Jonathan Kis-Lev, Haifa is considered a relative haven for coexistence between Jews and Arabs.[7] Two respected academic institutions, the University of Haifa and the Technion, are located in Haifa, in addition to the largest K–12 school in Israel, the Hebrew Reali School. The city plays an important role in Israel's economy. It is home to Matam, one of the oldest and largest high-tech parks in the country; Haifa also owns the only underground rapid transit system located in Israel, known as the Carmelit.[8][9] Haifa Bay is a center of heavy industry, petroleum refining and chemical processing. Haifa formerly functioned as the western terminus of an oil pipeline from Iraq via Jordan.[10]