Gaza Strip

  • gaza strip

    قطاع غزة
    qiṭāʿ Ġazzah
    flag of the gaza strip
    palestinian flag
    location of the gaza strip
    status
    • under the palestinian authority according to the oslo accords[1]
    • de facto administrated by hamas since july 2007.
    • claimed by the state of palestinea
    capital
    and largest city
    gaza city
    31°31′n 34°27′e / 31°31′n 34°27′e / 31.517; 34.450
    official languagesarabic
    ethnic groups
    • arab
    •   palestinian
    •   palestinian bedouin
    demonym(s)gazan
    palestinian
    area
    • total
    365 km2 (141 sq mi)[2]
    population
    • end 2015 estimate
    1.85 million[3]
    • density
    5,046/km2 (13,069.1/sq mi)
    currency
    • israeli new shekelb (ils)
    • (see also palestinian currency)
    time zoneutc+2 (palestine standard time)
    • summer (dst)
    utc+3 (palestine summer time)
    calling code+970
    iso 3166 codeps
    1. the state of palestine is recognized by 137 members of the united nations.
    2. used since 1986; as in israel, replaced the old israeli shekel (1980–1985) and the israeli lira (1967–1980).

    the gaza strip (ə/;[4] arabic: قطاع غزةqiṭāʿ Ġazzah [qɪˈtˤɑːʕ ˈɣazza]), or simply gaza, is a self-governing palestinian territory[5][6][7][8][9][10][11] on the eastern coast of the mediterranean sea, that borders egypt on the southwest for 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) and israel on the east and north along a 51 km (32 mi) border. gaza and the west bank are claimed by the only de jure sovereign state of palestine.

    the territories of gaza and the west bank are separated from each other by israeli territory. both fell under the jurisdiction of the palestinian authority,[12] but gaza has since june 2007 been governed by hamas, a palestinian fundamentalist militant islamic organization[13] which came to power in free elections in 2006. it has been placed under an israeli and u.s.-led international economic and political boycott from that time onwards.[14]

    the territory is 41 kilometers (25 mi) long, and from 6 to 12 kilometers (3.7 to 7.5 mi) wide, with a total area of 365 square kilometers (141 sq mi).[15][16] with around 1.85 million palestinians[3] on some 362 square kilometers, gaza ranks as the 3rd most densely populated polity in the world.[17][18] an extensive israeli buffer zone within the strip renders much land off-limits to gaza's palestinians.[19] gaza has an annual population growth rate of 2.91% (2014 est.), the 13th highest in the world, and is often referred to as overcrowded.[16][20] the population is expected to increase to 2.1 million in 2020. by that time, gaza may be rendered unliveable, if present trends continue.[21] due to the israeli and egyptian border closures and the israeli sea and air blockade, the population is not free to leave or enter the gaza strip, nor allowed to freely import or export goods. sunni muslims make up the predominant part of the palestinian population in the gaza strip.

    despite the 2005 israeli disengagement from gaza,[22] the united nations, international human rights organisations, and the majority of governments and legal commentators consider the territory to be still occupied by israel, supported by additional restrictions placed on gaza by egypt. israel maintains direct external control over gaza and indirect control over life within gaza: it controls gaza's air and maritime space, and six of gaza's seven land crossings. it reserves the right to enter gaza at will with its military and maintains a no-go buffer zone within the gaza territory. gaza is dependent on israel for its water, electricity, telecommunications, and other utilities.[22] the system of control imposed by israel is described as an "indirect occupation".[23] some other legal scholars have disputed the idea that israel still occupies gaza. in addition, the extent of self-rule exercised in the gaza strip has led some to describe the territory as a de facto independent state.

    when hamas won a majority in the 2006 palestinian legislative election, the opposing political party fatah refused to join the proposed coalition, until a short-lived unity government agreement was brokered by saudi arabia. when this collapsed under joint israeli and united states pressure, the palestinian authority instituted a non-hamas government in the west bank while hamas formed a government on its own in gaza.[24] further economic sanctions were imposed by israel and the european quartet against hamas. a brief civil war between the two palestinian groups had broken out in gaza when, apparently under a u.s.-backed plan, fatah contested hamas's administration. hamas emerged the victor and expelled fatah-allied officials and members of the pa's security apparatus from the strip,[25][26] and has remained the sole governing power in gaza since that date.[24]

    gaza strip, with borders and israeli limited fishing zone
    gaza city skyline, 2007
    downtown gaza, 2012
    beit hanoun region of gaza, august 2014, after israeli bombardments
  • history
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  • see also
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Gaza Strip

قطاع غزة
Qiṭāʿ Ġazzah
Flag of the Gaza Strip
Location of the Gaza Strip
Status
Capital
and largest city
Gaza City
31°31′N 34°27′E / 31°31′N 34°27′E / 31.517; 34.450
Official languagesArabic
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Gazan
Palestinian
Area
• Total
365 km2 (141 sq mi)[2]
Population
• End 2015 estimate
1.85 million[3]
• Density
5,046/km2 (13,069.1/sq mi)
Currency
Time zoneUTC+2 (Palestine Standard Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (Palestine Summer Time)
Calling code+970
ISO 3166 codePS
  1. The State of Palestine is recognized by 137 members of the United Nations.
  2. Used since 1986; as in Israel, replaced the old Israeli shekel (1980–1985) and the Israeli lira (1967–1980).

The Gaza Strip (ə/;[4] Arabic: قطاع غزةQiṭāʿ Ġazzah [qɪˈtˤɑːʕ ˈɣazza]), or simply Gaza, is a self-governing Palestinian territory[5][6][7][8][9][10][11] on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) and Israel on the east and north along a 51 km (32 mi) border. Gaza and the West Bank are claimed by the only de jure sovereign State of Palestine.

The territories of Gaza and the West Bank are separated from each other by Israeli territory. Both fell under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian Authority,[12] but Gaza has since June 2007 been governed by Hamas, a Palestinian fundamentalist militant Islamic organization[13] which came to power in free elections in 2006. It has been placed under an Israeli and U.S.-led international economic and political boycott from that time onwards.[14]

The territory is 41 kilometers (25 mi) long, and from 6 to 12 kilometers (3.7 to 7.5 mi) wide, with a total area of 365 square kilometers (141 sq mi).[15][16] With around 1.85 million Palestinians[3] on some 362 square kilometers, Gaza ranks as the 3rd most densely populated polity in the world.[17][18] An extensive Israeli buffer zone within the Strip renders much land off-limits to Gaza's Palestinians.[19] Gaza has an annual population growth rate of 2.91% (2014 est.), the 13th highest in the world, and is often referred to as overcrowded.[16][20] The population is expected to increase to 2.1 million in 2020. By that time, Gaza may be rendered unliveable, if present trends continue.[21] Due to the Israeli and Egyptian border closures and the Israeli sea and air blockade, the population is not free to leave or enter the Gaza Strip, nor allowed to freely import or export goods. Sunni Muslims make up the predominant part of the Palestinian population in the Gaza Strip.

Despite the 2005 Israeli disengagement from Gaza,[22] the United Nations, international human rights organisations, and the majority of governments and legal commentators consider the territory to be still occupied by Israel, supported by additional restrictions placed on Gaza by Egypt. Israel maintains direct external control over Gaza and indirect control over life within Gaza: it controls Gaza's air and maritime space, and six of Gaza's seven land crossings. It reserves the right to enter Gaza at will with its military and maintains a no-go buffer zone within the Gaza territory. Gaza is dependent on Israel for its water, electricity, telecommunications, and other utilities.[22] The system of control imposed by Israel is described as an "indirect occupation".[23] Some other legal scholars have disputed the idea that Israel still occupies Gaza. In addition, the extent of self-rule exercised in the Gaza Strip has led some to describe the territory as a de facto independent state.

When Hamas won a majority in the 2006 Palestinian legislative election, the opposing political party Fatah refused to join the proposed coalition, until a short-lived unity government agreement was brokered by Saudi Arabia. When this collapsed under joint Israeli and United States pressure, the Palestinian Authority instituted a non-Hamas government in the West Bank while Hamas formed a government on its own in Gaza.[24] Further economic sanctions were imposed by Israel and the European Quartet against Hamas. A brief civil war between the two Palestinian groups had broken out in Gaza when, apparently under a U.S.-backed plan, Fatah contested Hamas's administration. Hamas emerged the victor and expelled Fatah-allied officials and members of the PA's security apparatus from the Strip,[25][26] and has remained the sole governing power in Gaza since that date.[24]

Gaza Strip, with borders and Israeli limited fishing zone
Gaza City skyline, 2007
Downtown Gaza, 2012
Beit Hanoun region of Gaza, August 2014, after Israeli bombardments