Foreign relations of Israel

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    israel has diplomatic relations with 162 of the 193 un member states as of december 2019.[1] israel maintains full diplomatic relations and open borders with two of its arab neighbours, egypt and jordan, after signing peace treaties in 1979 and 1994 respectively. thirty-one un member states do not recognize israel. these include 19 of the 22 members of the arab league: algeria, bahrain, comoros, djibouti, iraq, kuwait, lebanon, libya, mauritania, morocco, oman, qatar, saudi arabia, somalia, sudan, syria, tunisia, united arab emirates and yemen. a further 9 are members of organisation of islamic cooperation: afghanistan, bangladesh, brunei, indonesia, iran, malaysia, mali, niger and pakistan. other countries which do not recognise israel include bhutan, cuba and north korea.[2] israel is a member of a number of united nations and other international organisations.

    the close friendship with the united states has also been a linchpin of israeli foreign policy for decades. from the establishment of the state of israel in 1948 until the iranian revolution and the fall of the pahlavi dynasty in 1979, israel and iran maintained close ties. iran was the second muslim-majority country to recognize israel as a sovereign nation after turkey.[3][4] in the mid-20th century, israel ran extensive foreign aid and educational programs in africa, sending experts in agriculture, water management and health care.[5] china is one of the few countries in the world to concurrently maintain warm relations with both israel and the muslim world at large,[6] and is important in israel's foreign policy due to its global influence which integrates with israel's pragmatic economic management, political stability, as well as its regional strategic importance in the middle east.[7][8][9]

    during the 2000s, the foreign ministry warned that the increasing influence of the eu would further isolate israel in global affairs.[10][11] in the wake of a series of diplomatic rifts with turkey and the rise of the muslim brotherhood in egypt in 2011, israel had increasingly unfriendly relations with those countries for a few years before things improved.[12] during roughly the same period, israeli relations with many countries in europe including greece and cyprus in the context of the energy triangle and in asia, including china and india, were enhanced, largely on account of the growth of israel's high-tech economy.[13] israeli ties with egypt have improved since the muslim brotherhood was removed from power there, while ties to turkey have been uneven since their 2010 nadir but less dismal than that point.

  • membership in international organizations
  • diplomatic relations
  • north africa and middle east
  • sub-saharan africa
  • asia
  • europe
  • central america
  • north america
  • oceania
  • south america
  • israeli foreign aid
  • see also
  • external links
  • references

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This article is part of a series on the
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Israel
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Israel has diplomatic relations with 162 of the 193 UN member states as of December 2019.[1] Israel maintains full diplomatic relations and open borders with two of its Arab neighbours, Egypt and Jordan, after signing peace treaties in 1979 and 1994 respectively. Thirty-one UN member states do not recognize Israel. These include 19 of the 22 members of the Arab League: Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. A further 9 are members of Organisation of Islamic Cooperation: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Brunei, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Mali, Niger and Pakistan. Other countries which do not recognise Israel include Bhutan, Cuba and North Korea.[2] Israel is a member of a number of United Nations and other international organisations.

The close friendship with the United States has also been a linchpin of Israeli foreign policy for decades. From the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 until the Iranian Revolution and the fall of the Pahlavi dynasty in 1979, Israel and Iran maintained close ties. Iran was the second Muslim-majority country to recognize Israel as a sovereign nation after Turkey.[3][4] In the mid-20th century, Israel ran extensive foreign aid and educational programs in Africa, sending experts in agriculture, water management and health care.[5] China is one of the few countries in the world to concurrently maintain warm relations with both Israel and the Muslim world at large,[6] and is important in Israel's foreign policy due to its global influence which integrates with Israel's pragmatic economic management, political stability, as well as its regional strategic importance in the Middle East.[7][8][9]

During the 2000s, the foreign ministry warned that the increasing influence of the EU would further isolate Israel in global affairs.[10][11] In the wake of a series of diplomatic rifts with Turkey and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt in 2011, Israel had increasingly unfriendly relations with those countries for a few years before things improved.[12] During roughly the same period, Israeli relations with many countries in Europe including Greece and Cyprus in the context of the Energy Triangle and in Asia, including China and India, were enhanced, largely on account of the growth of Israel's high-tech economy.[13] Israeli ties with Egypt have improved since the Muslim Brotherhood was removed from power there, while ties to Turkey have been uneven since their 2010 nadir but less dismal than that point.