Cabinet of Israel

Government of Israel
ממשלת ישראל
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Alternative version of the emblem of Israel used by the Israeli Government
Overview
Established1949
StateState of Israel
LeaderPrime Minister
Appointed byThe Prime Minister is formally appointed by the President of the State after consultation with parties in the Knesset. Other ministers are directly appointed by the Prime Minister.
Ministries28
Responsible toKnesset
Headquarterswww.gov.il
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The Government of Israel (officially: Hebrew: ממשלת ישראלMemshelet Yisrael) exercises executive authority in the State of Israel. It consists of ministers who are chosen and led by the prime minister. The composition of the government must be approved by a vote of confidence in the Knesset (the Israeli parliament). Under Israeli law, the prime minister may dismiss members of the government, but must do so in writing, and new appointees must be approved by the Knesset. Most ministers lead ministries, though some are ministers without portfolio. Most ministers are members of the Knesset, though only the Prime Minister and the "designated acting prime minister" are required to be Knesset members. Some ministers are also called deputy and vice prime ministers. Unlike the designated acting prime minister, these roles have no statutory meanings. The government operates in accordance with the Basic Law. It meets on Sundays weekly in Jerusalem. There may be additional meetings if circumstances require it. The prime minister convenes these meetings. On 30 May 2019, a vote was passed to temporarily dissolve the Knesset until the September election.[1][2]

Use of terms

The body discussed in this article is referred to in Israeli official documents as the Government of Israel. This is in accordance to the normal translation of its Hebrew name, (Hebrew: ממשלה‎, Memshala). In Israel, the term cabinet (Hebrew: קבינט‎) is generally used for the State-Security Cabinet (Hebrew: הקבינט המדיני-ביטחוניHaKabinet haMedini-Bitachoni), a smaller forum of cabinet members that decides on defense and foreign policy issues and may consist of up to half of the (full) cabinet members. Another term in use is the Kitchen Cabinet (Hebrew: המטבחון‎, HaMitbahon, lit. "The kitchenette"), a collection of senior officials, or unofficial advisers to the Security Cabinet of Israel.