- for the movement associated with william f. albright and also known as biblical archaeology, see biblical archaeology school. for the magazine see biblical archaeology review.
biblical archaeology involves the recovery and scientific investigation of the material remains of past cultures that can illuminate the periods and descriptions in the bible, be they from the old testament (hebrew bible) or from the new testament, as well as the history and cosmogony of judaism and christianity.
the principal location of interest is what is known in the relevant religions as the holy land, which from a western perspective is also called the middle east. in contrast, near eastern archaeology deals with the ancient near east, or middle east, without giving any special consideration to whether its discoveries have any relationship with the bible.
the scientific techniques used are the same as those used in general archaeology, such as excavation and radiocarbon dating.