Attorney General of Israel

Attorney General
היועץ המשפטי לממשלה
Hayoetz Hamishpati Lamemshala
Avichai Mandelblit.jpg
Incumbent
Avichai Mandelblit

since 1 February 2016

The Attorney General of Israel (Hebrew: היועץ המשפטי לממשלה‎, Ha-Yo'etz Ha-Mishpati La-Memshala, lit. Legal Advisor to the Government) heads the legal system of the executive branch and the public prosecution of the state. The Attorney General advises the government in legal matters, represents the state's authorities in the courts, and advises in preparation of law memoranda of the government in general and the Justice Minister in particular (likewise s/he examines and advises for private proposals for a law of Knesset members).

Additionally, the Attorney General is in charge of protecting the rule of law and, as such, entrusted with protecting the public interest from possible harm by government authorities. It is an independent appointed position, one of the most important and influential in the Israeli democracy, and a central institution in the framework of the Israeli legal system. Owing to the common law tradition of the domestic legal system, the duties of the Attorney General are not codified in law and have been borne out of precedent and tradition over the years.

Duties

The Attorney General has four main duties:[1]

  1. Head of the public prosecution system
  2. Representative of the state in all legal proceedings
  3. Chief legal counsel to the government
  4. Representative of the public interest in any legal matter