millions of muslims gather around the husayn mosque
after making a pilgrimage on foot during arba'een.
|official name||الأربعين al-arba‘īn (in arabic)|
- azerbaijani: İmamın qırxı
- bengali: চল্লিশা, romanized: chollishā
- kurdish: Çilroj
- persian: چهلم, romanized: chehelom
- sindhi: چاليهو, romanized: chālīho
- turkish: erbain
- urdu: چالیسواں, romanized: chālīsvān
|observed by||shia muslims|
|significance||40 days after ashura|
|observances||visiting the imam husayn shrine, karbala|
|2019 date||19 october|
|2020 date||8 october|
|2021 date||27 september|
|2022 date||17 september|
|frequency||once every islamic year|
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arba'een (arabic: الأربعين, romanized: al-arba‘īn, lit. 'forty'), chehelom (persian: چهلم, "the fortieth day") is a religious observance that occurs forty days after the day of ashura. it commemorates the martyrdom of husayn ibn ali, the grandson of the islamic prophet muhammad, who was killed on the 10th day of the month of muharram. imam husayn ibn ali and 71 of his companions were killed by yazid's army in the battle of karbala in 61 ah (680 ce).
arba'een or forty days is also the usual length of mourning after the death of a family member or loved one in many muslim traditions. arba'een is one of the largest pilgrimage gatherings on earth, in which up to 45 million people go to the city of karbala in iraq.
the significance of the number 40 has roots in a saying (hadith) of muhammad: "on the day of judgment, among my people, god will consider whoever memorized forty hadiths as an erudite man".
numerous islamic scholars have gathered collections of forty hadith, quoting from the prophet and the imams, who followed him through the shia sect.