amir peretz in 2019
|date of birth||9 march 1952|
|place of birth||boujad, french morocco|
|year of aliyah||1956|
|knessets||12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23|
|faction represented in knesset|
|2006–2007||minister of defence|
|2006–2007||deputy prime minister|
|2013–2014||minister of environmental protection|
|2005–2006||leader of the opposition|
|2005–2007||leader of labor|
|2019–||leader of labor|
amir peretz (hebrew: עָמִיר פֶּרֶץ; born on 9 march 1952) is an israeli politician who currently serves as leader of the labor party, and as a member of the knesset for the party. a knesset member almost continuously since 1988, he has also served as minister of defence and minister of environmental protection, as well as heading the histadrut trade union federation between 1995 and 2006.
after five years as mayor of sderot, peretz first became an mk for the labor-dominated alignment in 1988. in 1999 he left labor to establish his own party, one nation, which he led until merging it back into labor in 2004. the following year he defeated shimon peres in a labor leadership election and became leader of the opposition. following the 2006 elections labor joined the kadima-led coalition government, with peretz appointed minister of defense and deputy prime minister. his subsequent tenure as defense minister included the 2006 lebanon war and approval of the iron dome defence system in early 2007. midway through 2007 peretz was defeated by ehud barak in another labor leadership election and resigned from the cabinet.
in december 2012 he resigned from the knesset after leaving labor to join the new hatnuah party, but soon returned to the legislature after being re-elected in the january 2013 elections. following the elections, hatnuah joined the coalition government and peretz was appointed minister of environmental protection. however, he resigned the following year due to his opposition to the government budget. shortly after 2015 elections, which labor and hatnuah had contested together as the zionist union, peretz rejoined the labor party. in 2019 he was elected leader of the party for a second time.