Aliyah

  • part of aliyah
    jewish immigration to the land of israel
    concepts
    • promised land
    • gathering of israel
    • diaspora
      • negation
    • homeland for the jewish people
    • zionism
    • jewish question
    • law of return
    pre-modern aliyah
    • return to zion
    • old yishuv
    • perushim
    aliyah in modern times
    • first
    • second
    • during world war i
    • third
    • fourth
    • fifth
    • aliyah bet
    • bricha
    • from muslim countries
      • yemen
      • iraq
      • morocco
      • lebanon
    • from the soviet union
      • post-soviet
    • from ethiopia
    • from latin america
    absorption
    • revival of the hebrew language
      • ulpan
      • hebraization of surnames
    • kibbutz
    • youth village
    • one million plan
      • immigrant camps
      • ma'abarot
    • development town
    • austerity
    organizations
    • world zionist organization
    • jewish national fund
    • jewish agency for israel
    • youth aliyah
    • mossad lealiyah bet
    • el al
    • ministry of aliyah and integration
    • nefesh b'nefesh
    • am yisrael foundation
    related topics
    • yishuv
    • sabra
    • yerida
    • jewish refugees
    • history of the jews in the land of israel
    • demographic history of palestine (region)
    • historical jewish population comparisons
    • yom haaliyah

    aliyah (us: ɑː/, uk: ɑː-/; hebrew: עֲלִיָּה aliyah, "ascent") is the immigration of jews from the diaspora to the land of israel (eretz israel in hebrew). also defined as "the act of going up"—that is, towards jerusalem—"making aliyah" by moving to the land of israel is one of the most basic tenets of zionism. the opposite action, emigration from the land of israel, is referred to in hebrew as yerida ("descent").[1] the state of israel's law of return gives jews and their descendants automatic rights regarding residency and israeli citizenship.

    for much of jewish history, most jews have lived in the diaspora where aliyah was developed as a national aspiration for the jewish people, although it was not usually fulfilled until the development of the zionist movement in the late nineteenth century.[2] the large-scale immigration of jews to palestine began in 1882.[3] since the establishment of the state of israel in 1948, more than 3 million jews have moved to israel.[4] as of 2014, israel and adjacent territories contain 42.9% of the world's jewish population.[5]

  • historical overview
  • etymology
  • religious, ideological and cultural concept
  • historical background
  • pre-modern aliyah
  • zionist aliyah (1882 on)
  • holiday
  • statistics
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Part of Aliyah
Jewish immigration to the Land of Israel
Concepts
Pre-Modern Aliyah
Aliyah in modern times
Absorption
Organizations
Related topics

Aliyah (US: ɑː/, UK: ɑː-/; Hebrew: עֲלִיָּה aliyah, "ascent") is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel in Hebrew). Also defined as "the act of going up"—that is, towards Jerusalem—"making aliyah" by moving to the Land of Israel is one of the most basic tenets of Zionism. The opposite action, emigration from the Land of Israel, is referred to in Hebrew as yerida ("descent").[1] The State of Israel's Law of Return gives Jews and their descendants automatic rights regarding residency and Israeli citizenship.

For much of Jewish history, most Jews have lived in the diaspora where aliyah was developed as a national aspiration for the Jewish people, although it was not usually fulfilled until the development of the Zionist movement in the late nineteenth century.[2] The large-scale immigration of Jews to Palestine began in 1882.[3] Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, more than 3 million Jews have moved to Israel.[4] As of 2014, Israel and adjacent territories contain 42.9% of the world's Jewish population.[5]